Android O highlights

Submitted by luxian on Tue, 09/05/2017 - 09:00

ArsTechnica has a in-dept article covering new version of the mobile operating system: Android 8.0 Oreo, thoroughly reviewed. My highlights from that article are:

Project Treble

Project Treble introduces a "Vendor Interface"—a standardized interface that sits between the OS and the hardware. As long as the SoC vendor plugs into the Vendor Interface and the OS plugs into the Vendor Interface, an upgrade to a new version of Android should "just work.

So you should get Android updates faster as long the vendor provided firmware is still supported. Google decides which version it will support based on data collected (how many devices are still on that version).

ROMs shouldn't need to be painstakingly hand-crafted for individual devices anymore—a single build should cover multiple Treble devices from multiple manufacturers. Imagine the next time a major new version of Android is released. On Day One of the AOSP code drop, a single build (or a small handful of builds) could cover every Treble device with an unlocked bootloader, with a "download Android 9.0 here" link on XDA or some other technical website.

Also graphics driver can now be updated through Play Store like any other app.

The Great Background Processing Lockdown

Apps can't just run in background using CPU, RAM and battery as they want. With Oreo they are required to show a notification saying that they are doing background work so you get to decide if an app is doing too much or not. Also, some events will not trigger background processing for all apps like before, making the UI more smoother. And to prevent apps for consuming the battery, all the background processing work will be done through a scheduler in batches, allowing phone to "sleep" more to preserve battery.

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First-mover (dis)advantage

Submitted by luxian on Tue, 08/29/2017 - 12:23

Most people know about first-mover advantage, but a few know that it might also be a disadvantage. When the business relies on technology you may end up outdated pretty fast unless you invest heavily in technology or be lucky/smart enough to bet on the winning technological approach (most of the cases you are not).

A few examples come into my mind. First, road tax. Most developed countries from western Europe use stickers applied on the windshield for verification. Some have automatic cameras to check them, others still rely on random human inspection. Eastern European countries introduced road tax years later -- and because the technology was available and (most probably) cheaper they use a completely electronic system. You don't get a sticker - they scan your license plate instead. They are easier to buy online and more flexible. For the countries that already have stickers it might not be economical feasible to update their system, so they might end up waiting years before upgrading.

Another is example is the internet infrastructure. Western countries had cooper wires from the 50s already in place and they used that. The cost to upgrade to fiber optics is harder to justify when have already a working system. Poorer countries didn't have cooper wires everywhere or they were in pretty bad shape. When they decided to get online fiber optic was already available and they started with that directly. That's why some underdeveloped countries usually have better Internet connection.

These are the stories that come in to my mind whenever I think about upgrading my 6 years old PC. I try to postpone the move as much as possible just to make the jump in performance as big as possible to better justify the cost and also to avoid being one of the first using i9 or Ryzen Threadripper.

 

 

 

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How to commit whitespace and coding standard changes in legacy code

Submitted by luxian on Tue, 07/25/2017 - 07:38

The project I'm working on has inconsistency issues when it comes to coding style. Even though it's a Drupal project, it doesn't follow Drupal's coding standards and on top of that the .php files are saved using various character encoding and line endings. This forced me to develop a workflow that I use before changing legacy files which helped me to keep changes history readable.

Committing together a file encoding change, white-space conversion and a bug-fix will be a source of regret if you ever have to look at that diff again. Most likely you will pull your hair out trying to figure out what is a code change and what's only a code style fix. That's why I separate the coding standard fixes in a single commit before doing anything else. This commits will be easy to ignore when checking history and can provide a cleaner diff for the changes that follow.

The steps I follow are:

First - make sure the file uses UTF-8 encoding. In phpStorm (the IDE I use) there is a small toggle in the bottom right. I used that to change to UTF-8 and then proceed scanning the whole file for errors (improperly displayed or wrong characters after conversion). This issues arise when the file contains multi-byte characters but was saved using one byte encoding. These are usually found in the messages displayed to the client and can be easily fixed by retyping those characters by hand. Characters with accents or umlauts (from German and French) are the main suspects. The command specified at the step four can be used to make sure everything is correct after the change.

Second - convert indentation to spaces and the line-endings to \n. So in phpStorm I use Edit > Convert Indents > To spaces and the line separator drop-down (bottom right bar).

Third - re-format the code by going through all the lines and make sure that:

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Disable Apache 2.x logging for favicon.ico or apple-touch-icon

Submitted by luxian on Wed, 07/19/2017 - 08:43

One of the features I like in nginx is the ability to disable logging for certain paths. For example whenever a browser sends a requests for a favicon.ico which doesn't exists the web server will respond with a 404 error but will also write the request to access_log and error_log -- which is totally useless. Most of the time nobody cares about these favicon and apple-touch-icon requests, so logging them is quite useless and is just a waste of CPU cycles and IO throughput.

If you use nginx is quite easy to disable logging for them with something like

location = /favicon.ico { 
  access_log off; 
  log_not_found off; 
} 

But Apache is more tricky to set up, the log configuration is not very straightforward. So here is what I was able to find on this subject after some hours of searching.

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Ulauncher is my new favorite app launcher for Linux.

Submitted by luxian on Fri, 07/14/2017 - 08:19

Some time ago I wrote about Mutate. After a few weeks of using it I decided I need something better. Mutate had a major drawback, it couldn't handle properly .desktop files. That means that some apps were displayed with the wrong or missing icon and Chrome Apps did not work. For example when I tried to open Wunderlist (Chrome App) it will open just another Chrome window. It works well if I use normal app menu.

After trying to fix it myself for a while I gave up. The project is almost abandoned on Github.

This is how I ended up installing Ulauncher which works great with .desktop files. So no more issues with opening Chrome Apps or wrong app icons. It's also fast and reliable.

It was very easy to install following the instruction from the Github repository. The only problem I had was the autostart. By default it adds only the following line to autostart:

ulauncher --hide-window

But in my case that location was not in the $PATH variable, so I had to write the full path to Ulauncher in there.

 

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Extract SSH public key from private key

Submitted by luxian on Thu, 03/09/2017 - 11:03

In the last couple of days I spent a lot of time debugging the deployment script called via GitLab CI. The script worked well on one server (dev), but failed on the second one (prod).

GitLab CI was using a docker container with an injected SSH private key to connect to server and run some scripts. The whole setup was exactly as described in the official tutorial. From the beginning I was surprised to see that public key was never added to the container. But since it did the job well  I didn't spend too much time to see how it actually works.

When I tried to make deployment work for a second server, things didn't work so smoothly. It refused to connect over SSH. After some digging and with ssh debugging enabled it was clear that the public key used by CI container was missing from the authorized_keys file on that server. The authorized_keys file was big on the first server, the one that work, and I had no idea which key was the one I needed to copy over. So I tried to see if I can extract the public key from the private key. To my delight, this seems to be a very easy task. You just need to run the following command:

ssh-keygen -y -f ~/.ssh/id_rsa

Where ~/.ssh/id_rsa is the file with your private key. This command will print the associated public key. With this key in place, the deployment script worked without issues.

Lessons learned:

  • private keys contain the public key so in case you lose it you can re-create it
  • I need a better systems for deploying and managing authorized_keys across all the servers

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Deep learning gallery: Quadcopter trail navigation

Submitted by luxian on Tue, 02/28/2017 - 18:57

Deep Learning Gallery

I have deeplearninggallery.com in my bookmarks for quite some time but I didn't have time to check until today. As you probably guessed by the domain name itself, it's a gallery with a lot of cool deep learning projects. It's worth checking it out.

To stir your curiosity is a cool project I saw today:

Quadcopter trail navigation in forest

Project goal was to make a drone that can follow a trail through the forest using only one camera (no 3D images). You can see the results in the video. They pretty much did it. If you want to read more, you will find more links in the video description.

 

 

 

Google's AI becomes aggresive in stressful situation

Submitted by luxian on Mon, 02/13/2017 - 21:07

Actually this is not something very new if you have read all the previously recommended links in the article that started this serie "Artificial Inteligence". This new article is proving that depending on environment (how abundant resources are, goal definition and the connections between AI agents) the behavior of AI can be either aggressive or highly cooperative.

The full story can be found in the article Google's New AI Has Learned to Become "Highly Aggressive" in Stressful Situations. Following quotes are from it:

(...) the message is clear - put different AI systems in charge of competing interests in real-life situations, and it could be an all-out war if their objectives are not balanced against the overall goal of benefitting us humans above all else.

(...) the initial results show that, just because we build them, it doesn't mean robots and AI systems will automatically have our interests at heart.

 

Bye bye Nylas! Hello again Thunderbird!

Submitted by luxian on Wed, 02/08/2017 - 20:51

I'm not sure when I started using Nylas N1, but I think it was almost a year ago. It started as a very promising project. It has all the features I need:

  • multi platform (Windows, OS X, Linux)
  • snooze function (as a free service)
  • nice interface

I switched to it immediately after Mailbox was shut down by Dropbox. The snooze functionality was - and still is - a very cool and useful feature. But until now - no one figured it out how can this be implemented as a free service/mail client. Keeping servers up and running to move emails around is apparently very expensive. Dropbox couldn't afford it and Nylas either. 

The latest changes from Nylas started to remind me about Mailbox. The hype passed and now to company behind it works hard to come up with a business model around it. They switched to a subscription model, which in my opinion is a good decision, but I think the prices are too big. 

$9 per month is too much for a good looking mail client. It doesn't bring much more than the web interface. It doesn't have a mobile app (I hope they don't try to port the Electron app) and doesn't sync your accounts around devices like Mailbox had. I appreciate them for keeping it open source (in theory you can still run it for free if you compile it yourself and run it on your own server).

Maybe we are not ready yet for good email clients if we still need to run them in the cloud. Maybe we have to wait until mail servers like Google Mail/Inbox or Outlook 365 come up with an API that support Snooze/Delay functionality.